Tackle and Tactics
Mike Ladle


Information Page.


Over the years my tackle has changed quite a bit in that I now use braided lines and better rods and reels. Even so I am still a bit of a tackle minimalist. Also I have now caught lots of hard fighting fish in tropical waters. The warm water seems to give them added zip. Nonetheless most of the conclusions stand. I'll start with a little anecdote relating to a trip a few years back.

----- A few days ago we had a strong easterly blow along the Purbeck coast. I knew it would have given the sea a good stir up and at this time of year (early October) dirty water means that there is a good chance of big bass or conger. As luck would have it the wind, after blowing all day Saturday, dropped right away on Sunday. Noting the change in weather I rang my pal Stuart Clough to ask what he thought about an evening’s shore fishing. Together with another friend, Richard, we decided to fish from a little stone slipway that is often haunted by big fish.

We arrived on the shore two hours before high water and began to fish. I had brought a few ragworms so we began by fishing with light tackle for some bait. The fish would not co-operate and apart from an eel of about a pound and a small pouting (Stuart’s first ever - used as bait) there was nothing doing. Richard had one decent run on a mackerel head but it came to nothing and the culprit did not return. Just after high water I packed in and went home leaving the other two to have a few more casts.

Next day, at work, Stu told me that, after I left, he had caught a rockling and, just before they gave up, they decided to have a look in the waters edge. Despite the previous days storm the sea was quite calm and clear and they were astonished to see that the swell was seething with four-inch mullet. There were so many of these little fish that Richard was able to scoop two up with his hand. Despite many years spent fishing in this area I was not aware that baby thick lips congregated in the margins at night. Stu said the shoal stretched ten metres out to sea - full of promise for some exciting sport - in about ten years time.

This brings me to my theme. The eel, which I landed on my spinning rod and eight- pound nylon had, not surprisingly, failed to put up much of a battle. It took no line off the reel against the clutch nor did it even struggle very hard on the way in. The pouting, landed by Stu on similar gear to my own, fought a bit more actively and certainly gave a sharper bite than the eel but at eight-ounces it was in no danger of making the reel scream and the same, no doubt, went for his rockling. Had these little fish been caught on 'normal' beach casting gear only the slight extra drag, as you reeled in, would give a clue to their presence.

All in all it is very difficult to judge whether one fish fights harder than another. Four main things are involved - the habits of the fish, its size, the tackle used and the conditions. The only one of these that you can do much about is the tackle so that's a good place to start.

Even though I have been fishing for a long time I have relatively little gear. Much of my fishing (fresh and salt water) is done with the same three sets of tackle. I have an eleven foot, light-weight pike/carp rod which is usually fitted with a fixed spool reel and 15 lb nylon, an 11 foot spinning rod with a slightly smaller fixed spool loaded with braided line and a ten foot, 8wt fly rod with a fly reel, floating line and 6 lb nylon cast. The heaviest gear is often used when I am bottom fishing for big bass, wrasse, conger etc. and when spinning a big lure or float fishing for pike or spinning or prawn/worm fishing for salmon. The lighter “spinning” outfit is used when spinning for bass, wrasse, pollack, mackerel, garfish, mullet, trout, salmon and pike, perch, chub and grayling. I am no great fly fisherman but the fly gear has caught lots of mullet and bass as well as pollack, mackerel, scad, trout and chub.

Having caught most of these fish (of comparable sizes) on identical tackle I am in a position to say something about their fighting tactics and indeed how well they tend to battle.

Take the fly rod for example. This rod is quite long and very flexible and because the reel is a ‘centrepin’ the fish often give proper ‘screaming’ runs. I have landed a number of chub and mullet of three to five pounds and the mullet win hands down every time. A three pounder often takes me five minutes or more to bring to the beach while a comparable chub will usually be landed in no more than thirty seconds. Mackerel, although usually smaller, also fight very hard. Bass, pollack and trout come somewhere in between, the difference being that the trout are more inclined to jump (=splash about), the pollack dive and and the bass run harder near the surface.

Spinning with the light outfit again the mullet come out tops for sheer staying power, bass give the fiercest takes and fight hard afterwards, mackerel are much the liveliest. Garfish, seatrout and small salmon are the most spectacular leapers and, although there’s not a lot to choose between them, grayling, pike, pollack, wrasse, perch and chub probably come in that order.

On the “heavy gear” conger and rays (yes rays) of 20 lb plus will take longer to land than most pike and a big salmon can take even longer and strip line quicker although I have landed both large pike and large salmon within a couple of minutes which is never possible with a decent conger.

The conclusion of all this is that different fish fight in different styles. Free swimming, streamlined species like mackerel, bass, mullet and salmon are most likely to give you the screaming runs while weed haunters such as pollack, wrasse, pike and chub are accustomed to head for cover when scared and are less likely to prolong the struggle. Mullet, conger, mackerel and grayling all have lots of stamina and pike, bass and pollack are acceleration freaks. Of course there will always be exceptions to every rule and many a wrasse has (for a short while) fooled me into thinking that I was into a double figure bass, just as big eels have made me think “salmon!” - that’s all part of the fun. Once you know what to expect from your quarry you can tackle up accordingly and maximise your sport. Having said this I don't believe in using 'silly' gear to give the fish a chance to 'escape' (= swim off with a hook or lure in its mouth). Some years ago there was a stupid competition sponsored by (I think) Berkley tackle, with prizes for big fish landed on light lines - it's sheer madness in my book to play a fish for hours on ridiculous tackle. As far as I know the IGFA still run a 'line class' record list which encourages the same sort of attitude. Although obviously there is an element of skill in landing big fish hooked accidentally on light tackle intended for something else there is no point doing it on purpose.

If you have any comments or questions about fish, methods, tactics or 'what have you.'get in touch with me by sending an E-MAIL to - docladle@hotmail.com



Chub on plug.

Old (and probably new) fishing books always said how chub fought hard to reach snags - not on my spinning gear even with the 6lb braid. (but I still like catching them!)

Perch on plug.

A bit livelier than chub but still not going to make the reel zuzz much.

Pike on plug.

A big pike will put up a spirited fight but fish of this size don't have a lot of stamina.

Bass on plug.

The main excitement with these fish is probably the 'take' but they will make a few strong, splashy runs.

Thinlip on spoon.

Caught on the same gear as the others these fish literally don't know when to give up.  Thicklips fight even harder.